A hacker should know multiple programming languages. Different applications and websites you use are programmed in a specific computer language. Ever wondered what was the priority for hackers to carry various attacks? They first learn and understand its language and then use its vulnerabilities. So, hackers learn programming languages before proceeding further to perform the task. Also Read: Top 10 Skills Required to Become a Pro-Hacker

Top Programming Languages Learned By Hackers

There are numerous computer languages, same applies to hacking, there are different programming languages that hackers usually learn for hacking, and it also depends upon the target. They are divided into three parts:

Web Hacking Exploit Writing Reverse Engineering

1. Web Hacking

When the hacker has the intention to hack websites and applications, he/she learn web coding like HTML, CSS, and Javascript as the majority of websites are built by using these languages. It allows a hacker to get a firm hold on the website’s coding or application. HTML

It is a markup language used widely for describing web pages. HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language. By learning HTML, a hacker can understand web actions, responses, etc. Javascript

It is the programming language of HTML and the Web. It is used widely in websites for a preferable interface and quick response. By learning Javascript, a hacker can understand the client-side mechanism necessary for finding client-side flaws. PHP

It is a server-side scripting language used in web development and is also used as a general-purpose programming language. It manages web apps and databases. It almost controls everything on-site and server. SQL

SQL stands for Structured Query Language, is a special-purpose programming language used for managing data held in a relational database management system [RDBMS]. It is behind managing sensitive information like user credentials, bank details, user details, etc. To steal sensitive details, hackers’ eyes attack the SQL of a website.

2. Exploit Writing


It is widely used for general purposes and high-level programming language. Hackers should know Python as it is responsible for creating exploits and tools. Its design philosophy stresses code readability. Ruby

It is a dynamic, reflective, object-oriented, and general-purpose programming language. It is used for various purposes, but it is generally used for Web Applications as Ruby on Rails framework. Perl

It is a family of high-level, general-purpose, dynamic programming languages. It is used to exploit writing. With Perl, a hacker can find many exploits if written in PERL. However, it is a very complicated language, and it was earlier called duct tape of the Internet. Reverse engineering

It is also called back engineering. It is the procedure of extracting information from anything and then reproducing it using the extracted information. It can also be used to crack software and media to dismiss their copy protection.

Python Ruby JavaScript C C# PHP Java C++ Haskell Clojure CoffeeScript Objective-C Lisp Perl Scala Scheme Other Erlang Lua SQL

So, these are the programming languages that hackers learn for various purposes. We can also say that a hacker is a person who finds vulnerabilities in a computer system or computer network and then exploits them. Hackers do hacking for various purposes like profit, challenge, fun, or report the organization’s weakness.

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