It’s a scary flaw since it can allow an attacker to intercept data from a nearby Wi-Fi network, including passwords, photos, credit card information, private messages, emails and web activity. Basically, anything that’s normally protected and encrypted by the WPA2 standard. It also infiltrates man-in-the-middle attacks that allow an intruder to insert malicious content such as ransomware to whatever website a connected gadget is visiting.

What is KRACK?

The alarming flaw was nicknamed KRACK – short for Key Reinstallation Attack. Basically, this is how it works. An attacker can capture data from a nearby WPA2 protected Wi-Fi network by impersonating it and cloning its MAC address (a MAC address is a Wi-Fi gadget’s unique network identifier). Gadgets connecting to the original router can then be forced to connect to the attacker’s clone network first. Before the flaw was discovered, WPA2 clients were protected from this switcheroo since unique keys are required to encrypt each block of data. Simply put, the keys from the real and the fake network won’t match, making the switch impossible. However, KRACK uses a flaw in the WPA2 handshake system that allows the fake network to reuse the same encryption keys over and over and make them valid again. And because it affects the Wi-Fi standard instead, it persists across every gadget that uses Wi-Fi but Android and Linux devices are more vulnerable since these systems don’t require a unique WPA2 encryption key each time. Macs, Windows PCs and iOS devices are affected to a lesser extent but data from these clients can still be decrypted. However, since KRACK is all about faking an entire network, it can’t be used to steal Wi-Fi passwords nor attack the router itself. It’s more useful for stealing information, man-in-the-middle attacks and spying on network traffic.

How to protect yourself from KRACK

Well, KRACK is a really scary flaw indeed and it puts the once-trusted WPA2 security standard into a precarious position. Fortunately, the flaw was disclosed to software and hardware companies back in July, months before it was publicly disclosed recently. This means patches to fix the flaw are already being deployed. Update your gadgets So first order of business – make sure you keep all your Wi-Fi enabled gadgets updated with the latest software available. For example, Microsoft already included a security patch for it with October’s Patch Tuesday security fixes so make sure you install those on your Windows devices as soon as you can. Apple, too, although its machines are not severely affected by the KRACK vulnerabilities, will issue patches in the next few weeks. Systems that are the most affected by KRACK are Android and Linux devices. Linux distros that are patched from the attack are now slowly rolling out as we speak. Google stated that it will have its patches ready in the coming weeks but unfortunately, as with any Android update, it will be up to the gadget makers and carriers to roll them out. Update your router’s firmware Router manufacturers like Cisco are already making their fixes available for their affected products. Make sure you check for any firmware update for your router and update it immediately. In fact, although router manufacturers don’t tell you, checking for the latest firmware for your router at least every three months is one essential step in protecting your network. Click here and learn why updating your router’s firmware regularly is important. Stay away from public Wi-Fi networks Since KRACK hackers need to be near a network to clone it, unless one of your neighbors is a top-shelf hacker, your home Wi-Fi network is likely safe for now. What you need to stay away from, like we always say, are public Wi-Fi networks. Accessing your personal data through public Wi-Fi networks is bad as it is but KRACK just makes it worse. Additionally, if you own an affected gadget, especially an Android device, that has not been patched yet, consider turning off its Wi-Fi for now and use cellular data instead. Only visit secure websites If you don’t have any other connection option other than Wi-Fi and you desperately need to go online, make sure you only visit websites with secure encryption protocols like HTTPS. With this, data that are traveling within the network would at least be shielded from a hacker’s prying eyes. You can use this extension for Chrome, Firefox and Opera called HTTPS Everywhere to make your browsing more secure.

For added Wi-Fi security, consider using a VPN

Another thing you could do, especially when connecting to a public Wi-Fi network, is to use a VPN service. It’s a good way to hide your internet tracks from would-be snoops, even KRACK hackers. Here are the best free VPN services you can try out now.